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A Note of Thanks

I am writing this between Thanksgiving and Christmas, a time of year when we tend to reflect on the blessings in our lives, something that is especially appropriate as we near the end of 2020, a time that has been uncommonly depressing and isolating. When I received the following story several days ago, I immediately thought of those of you who are friends, families, volunteers, or supporters of Club VIBES. It expresses better than I ever could why we value your support and how much you have meant to VIBES for the last twelve years.

Sanford “Sandy” Greenberg is Art Garfunkel’s best friend, and reveals in a moving new memoir, Hello, Darkness My Old Friend: How Daring Dreams and Unyielding Friendship Turned One Man’s Blindness Into an Extraordinary Vision for Life, how the song was a touching tribute to their undying bond, and the singer’s sacrifice that saved Sandy’s life when he unexpectedly lost his sight.

“He lifted me out of the grave,” says Sandy, aged 79, who recounts his plunge into sudden blindness, and how Art Garfunkel’s selfless devotion gave him reason to live again.

Sandy and Arthur, as Art was then known, met during their first week as students at the prestigious Columbia University in New York. “A young man wearing an Argyle sweater and corduroy pants and blond hair with a crew cut came over and said, ‘Hi, I’m Arthur Garfunkel’,” Sandy recalls. They became roommates, bonding over a shared taste in books, poetry and
music. “Every night Arthur and I would sing. He would play his guitar and I would be the DJ. The air was always filled with music.”

“Still teenagers, they made a pact to always be there for each other in times of trouble. “If one was in extremis, the other would come to his rescue,” says Sandy.

They had no idea their promise would be tested so soon. Just months later, Sandy recalls, “I was at a baseball game and suddenly my eyes became cloudy and my vision became unhinged. Shortly after that darkness descended.” Doctors diagnosed conjunctivitis, assuring it would pass. But days later, Sandy went blind, and doctors realized that glaucoma had destroyed his optic nerves.

Sandy was the son of a rag-and-bone man. His family, Jewish immigrants in Buffalo, New York, had no money to help him, so he dropped out of college, gave up his dream of becoming a lawyer, and plunged into depression. “I wouldn’t see anyone. I just refused to talk to anybody,” says Sandy. ”

“And then unexpectedly Arthur flew in, saying he had to talk to me. He said, ‘You’re gonna come back, aren’t you?”

I said, “No. There’s no conceivable way.”

“He was pretty insistent and finally said, ‘Look, I don’t think you get it. I need you back there. That’s the pact we made together. We would be there for the other in times of crises. I will help you’.”

Together they returned to Columbia University, where Sandy became dependent on Garfunkel’s support. Art would walk Sandy to class, bandage his wounds when he fell, and even filled out his graduate school applications.

Garfunkel called himself “Darkness” in a show of empathy. The singer explained, “I was saying, ‘I want to be together where you are, in the black’.”

Sandy recalls, “He would come in and say, ‘Darkness is going to read to you now’. Then he would take me to class and back. He would take me around the city. He altered his entire life so that it would accommodate me.”

Garfunkel would talk about Sandy with his high-school friend Paul Simon, from Queens, New York, as the folk-rock duo struggled to launch their musical careers, performing at local parties and clubs. Though Simon wrote the song, the lyrics to The “Sound of Silence” are infused with Garfunkel’s compassion as Darkness, Sandy’s old friend.

Guiding Sandy through New York one day, as they stood in the vast forecourt of bustling Grand Central Station, Garfunkel said that he had to leave for an assignment, abandoning his blind friend alone in the rush-hour crowd, terrified, stumbling and falling. “I cut my forehead,” says Sandy. “I cut my shins. My socks were bloodied. I had my hands out and bumped into a woman’s breasts. It was a horrendous feeling of shame and humiliation. I started running forward, knocking over coffee cups and briefcases, and finally I got to the local train to Columbia University. It was the worst couple of hours in my life”

Back on campus, he bumped into a man, who apologized. “I knew that it was Arthur’s voice,” says Sandy. “For a moment, I was enraged and then I understood what happened. His colossally insightful, brilliant yet wildly risky strategy had worked.” Garfunkel had not abandoned Sandy at the station, but had followed him the entire way home, watching over him. “Arthur knew it was only when I could prove to myself I could do it that I would have real independence,” says Sandy. “And it worked because, after that, I felt that I could do anything. That moment was the spark that caused me to live a completely different life, without fear, without doubt. For that I am tremendously grateful to my friend.”

Sandy not only graduated, but won fellowships and advanced degrees at Harvard and Columbia, attended Oxford and Harvard Law Schools, was a White House Fellow, and founded highly successful businesses.

While in Britain he received a phone call from his friend – and with it the chance to keep his side of their pact. Garfunkel wanted to drop out of architecture school and record his first album with Paul Simon, but explained, “I need $400 to get started.”

Sandy, by then married to his high-school sweetheart, says, “We had $404. in our bank account. I said, ‘Arthur, you will have your check’. It was an instant reaction because he had helped me restart my life, and his request was the first time that I had been able to live up to my half of our solemn covenant.”

The 1964 album, “Wednesday Morning, 3 AM,” was a critical and commercial flop, but one of the tracks was the “Sound of Silence,” which was released as a single the following year and went to number 1 around the world. The Sound of Silence’ meant a lot because it started out with the words ‘Hello, darkness’ and this was Darkness singing, the guy who read to me after I returned to Columbia blind,” says Sandy.

Simon & Garfunkel went on to have four smash albums, with hits including “Mrs. Robinson,” “The Boxer,” and “Bridge Over Troubled Waters.”

Among Sandy’s professional successes was the development and patenting of a compressed speech machine that speeds up the reproduction of words from recordings without distorting any sounds so that anyone who needs to absorb large amounts of recorded speech, such as blind students or professionals, can listen to text at several times the spoken rate. Another of his companies helped design the computer system for the initial lunar excursion module in 1969.

The father of three, Sandy launched a $3 million prize to find a cure for blindness which will be awarded on December 15, 2020.

Six decades later, the two men remain best friends, and Garfunkel credits Sandy with transforming his life. With Sandy, “my real life emerged,” says the singer. “I became a better guy in my own eyes and began to see who I was – somebody who gives to a friend. I blush to find myself within his dimension. My friend is the gold standard of decency.”

“I am the luckiest man in the world,” says Sandy.

This story is a parable for what those of you who are friends, families, volunteers, and supporters bring to VIBES. Always know that your efforts are greatly appreciated.

If you are too young to know the song or too old to remember all the lyrics, you can find a recording of Sound of Silence here. It was named among the 20 most performed songs of the 20th century, included in Rolling Stone’s 500 Greatest Songs of All Time, and provided the unforgettable soundtrack to the 1967 film classic “The Graduate.”

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